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Numerator

Sample women respondents age 50+ who report having mammogram in past 2 years

Denominator

Sample women respondents age 50+ with valid response for mammography question

Methodology

Based on the BRFSS questions: "A mammogram is an x-ray of each breast to look for breast cancer. Have you ever had a mammogram?" and "How long has it been since you had your last mammogram?"

For Years 2002, 2006, 2008: data available for all states. For Year 2001: data only available for: Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Hawaii, Mississippi, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Wisconsin, Wyoming. For Year 2003: data only available for: Arkansas, Georgia, Hawaii, Iowa, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Vermont, Wyoming. For Year 2004: data available for all states except Hawaii. For Year 2005: data only available for: Arkansas, Georgia, Iowa, Maine, Mississippi, Nevada, New Jersey, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Wyoming. For Year 2007: data only available for: Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Nevada, Tennessee, Wyoming. For Year 2009: data only available for: Georgia, Hawaii, Tennessee, and Wyoming.

Estimates based on fewer than 50 cases or with a confidence interval half-width of 10% or more ((upper CI-lower CI/100) >10) are considered unreliable and are not displayed.

Caveats

The questions regarding mammography are part of a series of questions asked every other year in the BRFSS questionnaire, on the even years. States have the option to include the questions in the odd years in which they are not in the standard questionnaire. For those states in those years that opt to include the questions, the estimates represent annual averages of a greater number of years. Estimates that end on an odd year are not provided through the HIW.

References

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for Breast Cancer: Recommendations and Rationale. February 2002. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.nyqa.org/pdf-lib/USPSTFBreastcancerscreening.pdf.

Interventions

Screening for Breast Cancer

The USPSTF recommends biennial screening mammography for women aged 50 to 74 years.

Cancer Prevention & Control, Client-oriented Screening Interventions: One-on-One Education

One-on-one education is provided in person or by telephone to encourage individuals to be screened for cancer.

Cancer Prevention & Control, Client-oriented Screening Interventions: Reducing Out-of-pocket Costs

Some interventions seek to increase cancer screening by reducing out-of-pocket costs.

Cancer Prevention & Control, Client-oriented Screening Interventions: Reducing Structural Barriers

Many barriers can make it difficult for people to seek screening for cancer.

Cancer Prevention & Control, Client-oriented Screening Interventions: Client Reminders

Reminders include letters, postcards, or phone calls to alert clients that it is time for their cancer screening.

Cancer Screening - Small Media

Small media include videos and printed materials such as letters, brochures, and newsletters.

Cancer Prevention & Control, Provider-Oriented Screening Interventions: Provider Assessment and Feedback and Provider Reminders and Recall

Provider-oriented interventions aim to increase recommendation and delivery of screening for cancers by health care providers.